About This Fish

Atlantic Bonito

The Atlantic bonito (Sarda sarda) is a perch like ray-finned fish that looks like small tuna. It is also known as Northern bonito, Common bonito and Oceanic bonito. It belongs to the family Scombridae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. The Atlantic bonito is found in shallow waters of Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Black Sea. It is an important commercial and game fish and is a popular food in the Mediterranean. Its flesh is similar to tuna and mackerel. It has elongated body, slightly flattened on the sides and it can reach up to 90 cm in length and 10 kg in weight. Body is covered with very small scales, its dorsal side is dark blue and the sides are silver with shades of green and light blue and they have forked tails. The head is pointed, the eyes are small and the mouth gape is wide having no teeth on the roof of the mouth. Dorsal fin bears 20-23 spines and 15-18 soft rays. During larval stage, they feed on zooplankton and the adult stage, they mainly feed on small schooling fish including herrings, menhaden, hake, mackerels, anchovies invertebrates like squids and shrimps. They are epipelagic, neretic and schooling species which can enter estuaries. Its eggs and larvae are pelagic. It prefers temperature and salinities which range from 120 to 270C and 14 to 39 ppt respectively. It can live up to 5 to 9 years of old. They reach generally sexual maturity at 2 years of age and spawn in early summer.

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