About This Fish

Barracuda


The barracuda(Sphyraena) is a saltwater perch like ray-finned fish. It belongs to Family Sphyraenidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. It has elongated and fairly compressed body. Worldwide, in total 27 species of barracuda ware identified. It is seen in tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide. The best known and the biggest barracuda is the great barracuda(Sphyraena barracuda). It is also known as ‘the tiger of the sea’, or giant barracuda. It is found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea and the Red Sea. This fish commonly occurs in near shore coral reefs, sea grasses, and mangroves. It has a slender and streamlined body And its length and weight can reach up to 1.8 meters and 45 kg respectively. The mouth is large with extremely long and sharp teeth. The top of the head is flat. It has two dorsal fins, the first dorsal fin has five fairly strong spines, inserted about opposite to pelvic fins; second dorsal fin has one spine with 9 soft rays which placed opposite to anal fin. The distinct lateral line is present which extends straight from operculum to tail. The caudal fin is black with white tips. The dorsal side of the body is brownish or bluish grey, greenish to silvery on lateral side and a white in the belly. Many oblique dark bars are present on upper half of body, not across lateral line. Some black blotches sometimes are seen on underside of posterior body. It is a great predator which lives and hunts primarily alone. Its food mainly consists of shrimp and other types of fish such as jacks, grunts, groupers, snappers, small tunas, mullets, killifishes, herrings and anchovies. It is a very fast swimmer that can swim up to 58 kilometers per hour. The great barracuda can live up to 14 years. It reaches sexual maturity at the length of about 60 cm.


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