About This Fish

Barramundi


The barramundi (Lates calcarifer) is an important food fish worldwide. It is also known as Asian Seabass which belongs to family Latidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. It is found in the Indo-West Pacific region from the Persian Gulf, through Southeast Asia to Papua New Guinea and Northern Australia.



It has elongated and moderately compressed body which is covered with large ctenoid scales. Body color is greenish blue above and silvery below in adult stage while during juvenile it is olive brown above with silvery sides and belly. Head is pointed with concave dorsal profile becoming convex in front of dorsal fin. Eyes are bright pink with adipose lids. Mouth is large and slightly oblique. It is a strong fighter which can reach up to 1.8 meters in length and 60 kg in weight. The barramundi is a highly carnivorous and a predatory fish that feeds on wide range of foods including fish, shrimps, crayfish, crabs and aquatic insects. It attains sexual maturity at two years of age and spawns in June to July with a supplementary spawning in January to March.



The barramundi is protandrous; that is, the fish matures first as a male and then becomes female when they grow older and larger. At each spawning, females produce more than 1 million non-adhesive and pelagic eggs. During breeding season, both male and females migrate into the estuaries to breed. It prefers clear to turbid water, usually within a temperature range of 26−30°C.


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Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Northern Territory
Queensland
Southern Australia
Western Australia