About This Fish

Black Drum

The black drum (Pogonias cromis) is a saltwater fish also known as Texas Drum, Sea Drum, Saltwater Drum, Gray Drum, Drumfish, Striped Drum or Tambor. This species belongs to family Sciaenidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. The black drum is found along the Atlantic Coast from New York south through the Gulf states to Mexico. It has short deep body and large head with high-arched back but flattish belly. The black drum has a black or grey body with the young having 4 to 6 vertical black bars over the body. The fish has 10-14 sensory barbels in the lower jaw which are used to detect bottom-dwelling prey. The fins are blackish. The dorsal fin is divided by a deep notch into first and second dorsal fin. The first or spiny dorsal fin is rounded and triangular with 10 spines while the second dorsal fin is oblong with 1 short spine and 20 to 22 rays. The anal fin has two parts, of which, the first part is very short with 2 spines and the second is long and stout with 6-7 soft rays. The pectoral fin is relatively long with sharp point. The eyes of the drum are comparatively small and its scales are large. Its feed mostly consists of oysters, mussels, crabs, shrimp and occasionally fish. The black drum reaches sexual maturity at the 4–5 years of age and spawns near shore in the winter and early spring at water temperatures of 16 to 24°C in open water in depths between 10 and 165 feet. This fish can grow to nearly 150 cm in length and 44 kilograms in weight, but average weight is 4-14 kilograms. Black drum can live up to 35 years or more.

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Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
South Carolina