About This Fish


The Cabezon (Scorpaenichthys marmoratus) is ray finned fish which belongs to family Scorpaenidae under Scorpaeniformes of Class Actinipterygii. It is also known as Bullhead and Giant marbled sculpin. The cabezon is found from northern British Columbia to southern California. It inhabits rocky, sandy and muddy bottoms as well as kelp beds from shallow to moderate depths.

The cabezon's body is elongated and rounded with very large head relative to its body. It has a marbled or mottled coloration. Cabozen use their mottled coloration as camoflage while waiting on the ocean floor. It is a scaleless fish with a broad bony head. Dorsal fin has 8-12 spines with 15-18 soft rays while anal fin bears 11-13 soft rays. It has a stout spine before the eye and caudal fin is barely rounded. Snout is rounded but it has a fleshy flap on the middle of the snout. It reaches up to 99 cm in length and 14 kg in weight. The cabezon lives a relatively long time reaching ages as old as 17 years. Its feeds mainly on crustaceans, fish and molluscs or even fish eggs. Its flesh is good for eating but eggs are poisonous to humans and many other mammals and birds. Adults spawn on rocky outcrops and males guard the eggs until they hatch. A female produces up to 95,000 eggs in a batch.

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