About This Fish


The Cod (Gadus morhua) is a ray finned fish which belongs to the Family Gadidae under Order Gadiformes of Class Actinopterygii. It is also commercially known as Atlantic cod, codling or haberdine. It is distributed in Ungava Bay in Canada along the North American coast to Cape Hatteras, North Carolina in the western Atlantic, East and west coast of Greenland around Iceland and along the coasts of Europe from the Bay of Biscay to the Barents Sea. It occurs in a variety of habitats from the shoreline down to the continental shelf while juveniles prefer shallow sublittoral waters with complex habitats such as seagrass beds, areas with gravel, rocks, or stones.

It is brown to green or gray on the dorsal side and flank with a paler ventral. The body is covered with smooth small scales. It has three dorsal fins, two anal fins and broom shaped tail. Dorsal fin has 44-55 soft rays while anal fin contains 33-45 soft rays. Upper jaw is slightly larger than the lower jaw and a conspicuous barbell is present on the lower jaw. Lateral line is complete which is curved above the pectoral fin and it runs from the gill slit to the base of the caudal or tail fin. It is an active hunter which feeds on sand eels, whiting, haddock, small cod, squid, crabs, lobsters, mussels, worms, mackerel, and molluscs while larval cod feeds on krill, larval copepods, and other small crustaceans and fish. It reaches sexual maturity at the age between 2 -4 years. It reproduces annually during the winter and early spring and spawning takes place near the seafloor when temperature ranges from 0-12 °C. Female lays up to 9 million eggs in a single spawning. It grows up to 200 cm in length and 96 kg in weight. It is longed lived fish which can live up to 25 years.

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