About This Fish

Coral Trout

The coral trout (Plectropomus leopardus) is a perch like ray finned fish which is also known as leopard coral grouper or leopard coral trout. It belongs to the family Serranidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. The coral trout is distributed across the western Pacific from southern Japan to southern Queensland, west to Lombok, Indonesia, Western Australia, east to Caroline Islands and Fiji. The larva is pelagic and juvenile lives in demersal shallow water in reef habitats, especially around coral rubble, whereas adult inhabits coral reefs and open seas.

The coral trout’s body is olivaceous to reddish brown or orange red and paler ventrally with numerous dark round spots on head, body, pelvic and pectoral fin base but spots are absent in lower thorax and abdomen. Dorsal fin has 7-8 spines with 10-12 soft rays while anal fin contains 3 spines and 8 soft rays. Outer margin of anal fin from 4th -8th soft rays are straight to slightly convex and caudal fin is emarginated. Pectoral fin has 14-17 soft rays and lateral line is complete with 112-127 scales in longitudinal series. The coral trout is piscivorous which feeds on variety of reef fish particularly spiny chromis damselfish while juveniles eat mostly crustaceans, especially prawns. It spawns when the tidal flow is strong during late spring with favorable temperature which ranges from 25-26.50 C. It grows rapidly in the first 2-3 years of life and matures relatively early. It matures as female first and then changes to male at the age around 7 years between 23 cm and 62 cm in length. It grows up to 120 cm in length and 24 kg in weight and can live up to 14-19 years.

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Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Andaman Islands
Solomon Islands