About This Fish

Cubera Snapper


The cubera snapper (Lutjanus cyanopterus) is a popular commercial fish which belongs to family Luthjanidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. It is a subtropical species which is distributed across the western Atlantic, Nova Scotia in Canada and Bermuda, to the mouth of the Amazon, Brazil. It also appears in the north of Florida and in the Gulf of Mexico. Juveniles are found in inshore mangrove area and grass bed while adult fish is common in offshore and near shore over wrecks, reefs, and ledges. It normally occurs at depths which range from 18 to 55 meters.



The cubera snapper has an elongated and slender body with dark brown or gray color with pale to dark gray sides. It has large mouth with thick lips and large teeth. It has a continuous dorsal fin with 10 spines and 14 soft rays. Caudal fin is fairly truncate shaped while pectoral fin is long. The dorsal and caudal fins are grayish while the anal and pelvic fins are reddish and the pectoral fin is translucent or grayish in color. Irregular pale bands along the upper body are found in most young individuals and some adults. Canine teeth in both jaws are very strong, of which, one pair of canines are enlarged and visible even when the mouth is closed and eyes are dark red. It travels long distances to off shore reefs between March and August for spawning. It is an aggressive and carnivorous fish which mainly feeds on fish, shrimps and crabs. It has numerous predators such as barracuda, grouper, moray eels and other snapper species. It grows up to 160 cm in length and 57 kg in weight.


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