About This Fish


The drumfish (Pogonias cromis) is a saltwater ray-fined fish which belongs to Family Sciaenidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. It is also known as Texas Drum, Sea Drum, Saltwater Drum, Gray Drum, Striped Drum, Black Drum or Tambor. It is found along the Atlantic Coast from New York south through the Gulf states to Mexico. It has short deep body and large head with high-arched back but flattish belly.

The drumfish has black or gray color body and the fins are blackish while the young has 4-6 vertical black bars over the body. The fish has 10-14 sensory barbells in the lower jaw which are used to detect bottom-dwelling prey. Dorsal fin is divided by deep notch into first and second dorsal fin. First or spiny dorsal fin is rounded-triangular with 10 spines while the second dorsal fin is oblong with 1 short spine and 20 - 22 soft rays. The caudal fin is square tipped with moderately high peduncle. The anal fin has two parts, of which, the first part is very short with 2 spines and the second is long and stout with 6-7 soft rays. The pectoral fin is relatively long with sharp point. The eyes of the drum are comparatively small and its scales are large. Its feed mostly consists of oysters, mussels, crabs, shrimp and occasionally fish but during the larval stage it mostly feeds on zooplankton. The drumfish reaches sexual maturity at the 4–5 years of age. It spawns near shore in the winter and early spring at favorable water temperature which ranges from 16- 24°C. This fish can grow to nearly 150 cm in length and 44 kg in weight, but average weight is 4-14 kg. Drumfish can live up to 35 years or more.

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Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Solomon Islands