About This Fish


The flounder (Platichthys flesus) is a flat fish which belongs to the family Pleuronectidae under Order Pleuronectiformes of Class Actinopterygii. It is also known as European flounder, white fluke, North Atlantic Flounder, Sandberg, Pallus. It is distributed in coastal and brackish waters of Western Europe and from the White Sea to the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It occurs in sandy and muddy bottoms particularly estuaries. Sometimes it enters upstream into completely fresh water.

The flounder is oval in shape and the upper surface is usually dull brown in color with reddish-brown blotches and the underside is very white. The mouth is small, but the head is relatively large and eyes are present mostly on right side. Dorsal fin has 52-67 rays while anal fin with 36-46 rays and 80 scales are present along the lateral line. Rough skin is present especially along the lateral line and the base of the dorsal and anal fin. Lateral line is straight and slightly rounded over pectoral fin. Irregular reddish spots are present on the eye side. Its food mainly consists of molluscs and small fish while juveniles consume worms and crustaceans. It reaches sexual maturity at the age between 3 and 4 years. Spawning takes place during the period between February and May. Female lays up to 2 million eggs in a season. It grows up to 60 cm in length and 14 kg in weight. It can live up to 15 years.

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Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
North Carolina
Solomon Islands
South Carolina