About This Fish

Gilt Head Bream

The gilt-head bream (Sparus aurata) is a perch like ray finned fish which belongs to family Sparidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. It is also known as gilt head, gilt-head seabream. It is found in the Mediterranean Sea and the eastern coastal regions of the North Atlantic Ocean. It is seen singly or in small groups near seagrass or over sandy bottoms, but sometimes it enters estuaries during the spring.

The body is oval rather deep and compressed with large black spot on the gill cover. It is silvery grey and dark longitudinal lines are often present on sides of body. A dark band is present on dorsal fin while fork and tips of caudal fin edge are black. Snout is more than twice of the eye diameter. Head profile is regularly curved with small eye. Mouth is low and slightly oblique with thick lips. Cheek is scaly while pre-opercle is scale less. 73 to 85 scales are present along lateral line. Dorsal fin has 11 spines with 13-14 soft rays while anal fin contains 3 spines and 11-12 soft rays. Golden curved bar is present which crosses forehead and it is bordered by two dark zones. Male reaches sexual maturity at 1-2 years while female at 2-3 years of age. It grows up to 70 cm in length and 17.5 kg in weight.

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