About This Fish

Golden Trevally

The golden trevally (Gnathanodon speciosus) is a large marine ray finned fish which belongs to family Carangidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinoptrrygii. It is also known as the golden kingfish, banded trevally and king trevally. The golden trevally is widely distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans which ranges from South Africa in the west to Central America in the east, Japan in the north and Australia in the south. It predominantly occurs in inshore waters with large schools on deep lagoon and seaward reefs to depths of 10 meters.

The golden trevally has a compressed and oblong body, of which, the dorsal profile is slightly convex than the ventral profile, particularly anteriorly. It is silver with a golden overtone and has faint stripes or spots while Juvenile has a bright golden yellow color over the entire body. The golden trevally has thick, fleshy lips and a protractile mouth. The dorsal fin has two parts, of which, the first part has 7 spines while the second with 1 spine and 18-20 soft rays. The anal fin has 2 detached spines which are followed by 1 spine and 15 to 17 soft rays while the pelvic fin contains 1 spine with 19 - 20 soft rays. The lateral line is complete and moderately arched which contains 62 - 73 scales. The caudal fin is deeply forked with dark tips and a prominent black edge is also present on the operculum. The second dorsal fin is larger than the first while the pectoral fin is long and sickle-shaped. It spawns during the period between late February to early October with a peak from late April to early September. It is a diurnal foraging carnivore which takes a variety of prey including crustaceans such as shrimps, crabs and amphipods, mollusks and small fish. It is a relatively large fish which grows up to 120 cm in length and 37 kg in weight.

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Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Andaman Islands
Northern Territory