About This Fish

Grouper


The grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus) is also known as the giant grouper, brindlebass, brown spotted cod, bumblebee grouper and Queensland groper. It is a ray finned fish which belongs to the family Serranidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. It occurs in the Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea to Algoa Bay, South Africa through the Hawaiian and Pitcairn islands and south to Australia. It is found in tropical shallow reefs, caves, wrecks and estuaries commonly to 50 meters in depth.



A Grouper is one of the largest bony fish in the world. Adults are greenish grey to brownish grey with faint mottling. Juvenile fish are black with yellow markings. Small black spots are present on the fins. This robust fish has rounded tail and a very large mouth that expands and protrudes to create a strong suction to draw in prey. Dorsal fin has 11 spines and 14-16 soft rays. Anal fin contains 3 spines and 8 soft rays while pectoral-fin with 18-20 soft rays. At least seven rows of teeth are present on the middle of the lower jaw. It functions as female first and later changes gender to become male. The grouper is an ambush hunter which feeds on a variety of marine life including fish, small sharks, juvenile sea turtles and crustaceans such as spiny lobster and mud crabs. It reaches sexual maturity at age of 20 years. It grows up to 2.7 meters in length and 400 kg in weight. It is Slow-growing fish which can live up to 50 years.


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