About This Fish

Lady Fish

The Ladyfish (Elops saurus) is a ray finned fish which is also known as a Ten-pounder. It belongs to family Elopidae under Elopiformes of Class Actinopterygii. It is distributed in the western Atlantic from southern New England, south to Bermuda, Florida, and throughout the Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil, the western Pacific and the Indian Ocean. It occurs in shallow neritic areas, over muddy bottoms. It also occurs in estuaries while juvenile is common in lagoons and hyper-saline bays.

The lady fish forms large schools close to the shore. It is a medium-sized fish with an elongate body which is covered with small, silvery scales. The overall body color is silver and bluish dorsally with yellowish lower sides. The head is small and pointed with a large terminal mouth. The caudal fin is deeply forked and the symmetrical caudal lobes of the tail are long and slender. The dorsal fin is located just opposite to the pelvic fin with 25-29 soft rays while anal fin is short with 16-19 soft rays. The scale count along the straight lateral line is 103-120. Larva is transparent and laterally compressed. It disperses inshore and enters bays where it lives for 2-3 years. The ladyfish has small, sharp teeth and a bony throat plate between its mandibles. It is a piscivorous midwater predator which feeds mainly on crustaceans and small fishes. It is offshore spawners which spawn in the fall. It reaches up to 100 cm in length and 10 kg in weight. It can live up to 6 years.

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Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
South Carolina