About This Fish

Longbill Spearfish


The longbill spearfish (Tetrapturus pfluegeri) is a perch like ray finned fish which belongs to the Family Istiophoridae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. Longbill spearfish are widely distributed in subtropical and tropical waters of the Atlantic Ocean, and sometime temperate waters of eastern and western Atlantic.



Longbill spearfish is a long slender fish with a pointed bill. Body is covered with densely imbedded scales with several posterior spines. It is blue-black above, silvery white splattered with brown on the sides and silvery white below. Dorsal fin is dark blue and pectoral fin is blackish brown, occasionally with tinges of grayish white while pelvic fin is blue-black with a black fin membrane. First anal fin is dark blue with silvery white at base and second anal fin is blackish brown. First dorsal fin is long and rather high throughout its length. Pelvic fin is slightly longer than pectoral fin. Tips of first dorsal and first anal fins are pointed. Pectoral fin is long and fairly wide. Caudal peduncle has double keels on each side with a caudal notch on the dorsal and ventral surface. First anal has 13-17 rays while second with 6-7 rays. First dorsal fin has 44-53 rays while second dorsal fin contains 6-7 rays. Single lateral line is present which is curved above the pectoral fin and then straight towards tail. It feeds mainly on small and medium sized pelagic fishes and cephalopods. It spawns late November to early May with peak in late winter. It grows up to 200 cm in length and 58 kg in weight.


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Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Cape Verde
St Lucia