About This Fish

Milkfish


The milkfish (Chanos chanos) is a silvery marine food fish which belongs to family Chanidae under order Gonorhynchiformes of Class Actinopterygii. It is also known as Bandang, Bangos, Bukkariba, Buruna, Giant Herring, Moreton Bay Salmon, Salmon Herring. It is found throughout warmer regions of the Pacific and Indian oceans. The young fry live at sea for two to three weeks and then migrate to mangrove swamps, estuaries, and sometimes lakes. Adult occurs in small to large schools near the coasts or around islands where reefs are well developed.



A milkfish has a generally symmetrical and streamlined appearance with a sizable forked caudal fin. The eyes are covered with a thick layer of gelatinous tissue. The body is silvery blue-green above, silvery on sides and white below and silvery flanks and fins with dark border. Dorsal fin has 2 spines and 13-17 soft rays while anal fin with 2 spines and 8-10 soft rays. Pectoral fin is falcate. Its food consists of cyanobacteria, soft algae, small benthic invertebrates and pelagic fish eggs and larvae. During larval stage it feeds on zooplankton. It attains sexual maturity at the age of 5 years and it grows up to 170 cm in length and 10.6 kg in weight. It spawns only in fully saline water during the period between March and May. Female lays up to 7 million epipelagic eggs. It can live for 15 years.


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Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
French Polynesia
Mozambique
Seychelles