About This Fish

Rainbow Runner


The rainbow runner (Elagatis bipinnulata) is also known as the rainbow yellowtail, Spanish jack and Hawaiian salmon. It belongs to the family Carangidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. It is found in Massachusetts, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the Mediterranean and from Côte d'Ivoire to Angola throughout the Indo-Pacific, mouth of Gulf of California to Ecuador including the Galapagos Islands. It occurs in oceanic and coastal waters generally near the surface over reefs or sometimes far from the coast.



The rainbow runner has a sub cylindrical, elongated to fusiform body with a long pointed head and snout. The upper body is a dark olive blue to green and fading to white underneath. Two narrow light blue to bluish white stripes are present which run longitudinally along the sides with olive to yellow stripe between them. The fish has two dorsal fins; the first dorsal fin consists of 6 spines while the second contains 1 spine and 25-30 soft rays. The anal fin consists of 2 spines and 18 -22 soft rays, of which, the last two rays are detached to form a finlet like structure. The pectoral fin is small with 20 soft rays. The pelvic fin consists of 1 spine with 5 branched soft rays. The caudal fin is deeply forked and consists of 17 caudal rays, of which, 9 are present on dorsal lobe and 8 in ventral lobe. The lateral line has a slight anterior arch with about 100 scales. It is a fast swimming predator which takes small fish, cephalopods and a wide variety of planktonic crustaceans. It reaches sexual maturity at between 60 and 65 cm in length. It grows up to 180 cm in length and 46.2 kg in weight.


= Excellent   = Good   = Fair


Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Andaman Islands
Madagascar
Maldives