About This Fish

Red Emperor


The red emperor snapper ( Lutjanus sebae) is also known as the bourgeois red snapper, bourgeois fish or king snapper. It belongs to the Family Lutjanidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. It inhabits the shelf waters of the tropical Indian Ocean and Western Pacific Ocean. It occurs in the surrounding area of coral or rocky reefs often over adjacent sand flats and gravel patches. Juveniles are frequently found in near shore, turbid waters in mangrove areas or among both coastal and deeper water offshore reefs.



The red emperor's body is very deep and the dorsal profile of head is steeply sloped. Generally body color is red or pink, darker on the back while fins are red except the pectoral fin which is pink. Juvenile and small adult have pink with 3 dark red bands, of which, the first band is located from first dorsal spine through eye to tip of snout, 2nd band from mid-dorsal fin to pelvic fin and 3rd from base of last dorsal spine to caudal peduncle. Large adult is uniformly red in color. Snout profile is straight or slightly convex and posterior profile of dorsal and anal fins is distinctly pointed. Caudal fin is slightly forked. Preopercular notch and knob are moderately developed. Dorsal fin is divided into spiny and soft parts, of which, spiny parts has 11 spines and soft part contains 5-16 soft rays while anal fin bears 3 spines and 10 soft rays. This snapper is a voracious eater and it`s food consists of fishes, crabs, stomatopods, other benthic crustaceans and cephalopods. It grows up to 116 cm in length and 33 kg in weight. It can live up to 35 years.


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Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Queensland