About This Fish


The sea bass (Centropristis striata) is also known as grouper, black sea bass or true sea bass. It is an exclusively marine fish which belongs to the Family Serranidae under Order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. It is distributed in the Northwest Atlantic from Maine to Florida with Cape Hatteras.

The sea bass inhabits irregular hard-bottom areas such as wrecks or reefs. The sea bass is a large mouthed bottom dweller fish. It has bluish black body with light spots that form longitudinal stripes. The snout is moderately rounded. The belly is slightly paler than the sides. Body is covered by very large scales but it is naked at the head. The exposed parts of scales are paler than the margins. Each gill cover has a flat spine near the outer edge. The dorsal fin is continuous with 10 slender spines and it is marked with several series of whitish spots and bands while the other fins are mottled with dusky. The pectoral fin is very long with rounded tip which reaches nearly towards the anal fin. The pelvic fin is very large which originates from posterior part of pectoral fin. The anal fin originates just below the soft portion of the dorsal fin. The caudal fin is rounded and sometimes it has a long streamer trailing out from the top edge. The female reaches sexual maturity at 19 cm in length while male at 22 cm in length. The mature male has a fleshy dorsal hump just anterior to the dorsal fin. The sea bass is an opportunistic feeder that mostly feeds on crabs, shrimp, worms, small fish and clams. In a spawning season, the female lays eggs which range from 30,000-500000. The bass can grow to a maximum of 75 cm in length and 4.3 kg in weight. Its life span ranges between 15 and 20 years.

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