About This Fish

Southern Yellowtail

The southern yellowtail (Seriola lalandi) is a ray finned fish in the family Carangidae under order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. It is also known as Albacore; Amberjack; Bandit; Californian Yellowtail; Hoodlum; Kahu; King Amberjack; Kingie; Silver King; Tasmanian Yellowtail; Yellow-tail Kingfish; Yellowtail Amberjack etc. It is distributed in south of the equator off Argentina, southern Brazil, St. Helena, South Africa, Australia and North Island, New Zealand. It is a pelagic and demersal schooling fish which is found in coastal and oceanic waters, off kelp beds and rocky areas that sometimes enters estuaries. The juvenile is generally found in offshore waters, often near or beyond the continental shelf. It is small to medium sized fish generally undertakes seasonal migrations. Larger individuals are more solitary and less migratory.

Yellowtail prefer temperatures that range from 18-24°C although it is occasionally found in cooler water. Body is elongated with long and pointed snout. Body is dark blue dorsally and almost white ventrally. Lateral line is complete with slight arch over pectoral region. It has bright yellow tail and a characteristic brass colored stripe that runs along the median line of the flanks from the tip of the snout to the tail. No scutes are present on caudal peduncle. Caudal fin base has a slight fleshy keel on each side with dorsal and ventral grooves. Dorsal fin has 5-6 spines and 33-35 soft rays while anal fin contains 2-3 spines and 20-21 soft rays. It feeds predominantly in the morning and late afternoon on small fishes, invertebrates and pelagic crabs. The southern yellowtail is able to spawn at 2-3 years of age. It grows to a maximum 250 cm in length and 97 kg in weight. It can live up to 12 years.

= Excellent   = Good   = Fair

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