About This Fish

White Sea Bream

The white seabream (Diplodus sargus) is also known as Sargo. It belongs to the family Sparidae under order Perciformes of class Actinopterygii. It is native to the eastern Atlantic and western Indian Oceans. It is found from the Bay of Biscay southwards to South Africa, including Madeira and the Canary Islands, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It inhabits the littoral zone in shallow waters down to 50 m. The juvenile occupies shallow sandy bottoms, whereas adult prefers deeper rocky areas covered by seaweed. It also enters estuaries.

The white seabream is an important demersal commercial sparid fish. It has medium sized body with forked caudal fin. Body is primarily silvery or whitish in color with dark patch at base of caudal fin. Snout is longer than the eye diameter. It has 9 narrow vertical stripes of which 5 are black and 4 are grey in color and it runs alternatively from the back to the side while the juvenile has 5 dark crossbars. The dorsal fin has 11-12 spines and 12-16 soft rays while the anal fin contains 3 spines and 12-14 soft rays. It is a carnivorous fish which feeds mainly on shellfish and other benthic invertebrates. It reaches sexual maturity when it is two years old and about 20 cm in length. Spawning occurs during the period from March to May when the water temperature ranges from 15 to 18°C. It can grow up to 45 cm in length and 2 kg in weight. It can live up to 18 years.

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