About This Fish

Yelloweye Rockfish

The yelloweye rockfish (Sebastes ruberrimus) is also known as Pacific Red Snapper. It is a ray finned fish which belongs to the family Sebastidae under order Scorpaeniformes of class Actinopterygii. The yelloweye rockfish is distributed along the East Pacific from Umnak Island and Prince William Sound, Alaska, to Ensenada, Baja California. 

Adult yelloweye rockfish are found at depths from 30 to 232 m. It lives solitarily in hard-surface bottom areas such as broken rock, rock reefs, ridges, overhangs, crevices, caves, and cobble and boulder fields. The juvenile occurs at shallower depths than the adults. The yelloweye rockfish is red on its back, orange to yellow on the sides and black on the fin tips. The eyes are bright yellow. Adult usually has a light to white stripe on the middle of the body while the juvenile has two light stripes. Dorsal fin has 13 spines and 13-16 soft rays while anal fin contains 3 spines and 5-8 soft rays. Head bears spines which are very strong. Caudal fin is rounded. Larval yelloweye rockfish feeds on diatoms, dinoflagellates, tintinnids and cladocerans and juvenile consumes copepods and euphausiids of all life stages while adult eats demersal invertebrates and small fishes, including other species of rockfish. Mating occurs in November and a female produces between 1.2 and 2.7 million eggs per year. After birth, the young spends several months in the open ocean before moving to the bottom areas. It is exceptionally slow growing fish and it becomes sexual maturity when it is reached around 20 years of age. It is very large rockfish that reaches up to 1 m in length and 18 kg in weight. It is one of the world's longest-lived fish species which can live to a maximum of 114 to 120 years of age.

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