About This Fish

Yellowmouth Barracuda


The yellowmouth Barracuda (Sphyraena viridensis) is also known as striped barracuda. It is a ray finned fish which belongs to the family Sphyraenidae under order Perciformes of Class Actinopterygii. It occurs in Madeira, Cape Verde Islands, Canaries and in the Mediterranean coast of Israel and Lebanon and the Azores Archipelago.



The yellowmouth barracuda  has a slender and elongated body with large pointed head. Body is dark above and silvery below. Upper half of body has numerous vertical dark bands which extend below the lateral line in the anterior part of the flanks. It has a conical and hydrodynamical snout. Mouth is long with strong canine teeth and low protractile capacity lower jaw. Lower jaw is slightly longer than the upper jaw. It has two dorsal fins that are separated by large gap with the anterior fin having five spines and the posterior having one spine. The posterior dorsal fin and anal fin are similar in size and is situated above or below the other. It has no scales on preoperculum. It has a noticeable lateral line with 137-140 scales. Tip of pectoral fin does not reach to the base of pelvic fin. The caudal fin is slightly forked and the pectoral fin is low on the sides of the fish. Pelvic fin is positioned just opposite to the first dorsal fin. It is carnivorous and mainly feeds on many species of fish, cephalopods and crustaceans. It grows up to 128 cm in length and 8.2 kg in weight.


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Location Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Azores Islands